North African Cultures

45,000 to 24,000 years ago 
North African (Saharan) culture
Characteristic stone tools:
Pressure-flaked tanged points. 

45,000 to 24,000 years ago 
North African (
Mediterranean Coast). 

Southern African culture (open plains) 
resembles Mousterian of Acheulian Tradition
Characteristic stone tools:
Levallois points 
Use of classic Levallois technique for preparation of cores.

Howieson's Poort
90,000 to 50,000 years ago 
South African culture
Characteristic stone tools:
Microlithic industry. 

Early Neolithic
12,000 to 7,900 years ago
The El Nabta, El Ghorab, El Adam types.
Often located adjacent to shallow basins and ponds . 
A variety of lithic and bone tools occur in these sites, including the first sickles, stemmed points with pointed and retouched bases, perforators, burins, scrapers, notched pieces, bone points, and scalene triangles measuring about one centimeter, often made on reused Middle Paleolithic artifacts.  Grinding stones and sherds of pottery are more numerous than in earlier sites.

Middle Neolithic
7,700 to 6,500 years ago
Marked by the much greater abundance of pottery.
Lithic tools are more often made of local rocks.
Animal husbandry is wide spread.

Late Neolithic
6,500 to 5,000 years ago
Late Neolithic tools are made on "side-blow flakes" that have been retouched into denticulates and notched pieces
There are also a few bifacial arrowheads, often with tapering stems, or rarely with concave bases similar to those found in the Fayum Neolithic.

2.5 million years ago (1st stone tools appear)
East Africa, (i.e. Olduvai Gorge)
Characteristic stone tools: 
Pebble tools
Chopping tools (Hand Axes)
Flake tools

45,000 to 30,000 years ago
Central and eastern African (forested areas) culture 
Characteristic stone tools:
Sangoan pick 
Large plane 
Discoidal cores (Levallois techique cores)